Rameshwaram going students can have their industrial visit at Ramanathapuram, the chilli pepper capital of Tamilnadu is also home to few large scale textile mills like Pioneer Spinnings, National Textile Corporation, Co-operative spinning mills, Sri Nithiyakalyani Textiles, Mannan Cotton Mills, Ayisha Cotton Mills etc.
Rameswaram, the holy island in the Gulf of Mannar, is a major pilgrim centre of the country.
Rameswaram is hallowed by the epic Ramayana. It is believed that Lord Rama sanctified this place by worshipping Lord Shiva here after the war against Ravana of Sri Lanka.
Therefore, it is held sacred by both Vishnu and Shiva devotees. It is one of the 12 Jyothirlinga shrines (where Lord Shiva is worshipped as a ‘Lingam (pillar) of light’) of India. A devout Hindu who visits Varanasi in the North must also visit Rameswaram for the culmination of his quest for salvation.
Sights to See
Legend has it that Hanuman was sent by Lord Rama to bring a Lingam to worship at an appointed auspicious hour. As Hanuman’s arrival was delayed, Sita moulded a Lingam out of sand for Rama to worship at the correct hour. This Lingam is the main deity worshipped as Ramanathaswamy. The disappointed Hanuman was later consoled by Rama; the Lingam brought by him was installed a little north of Ramanathaswamy Temple and it was decreed that Hanuman’s Lingam should have precedence over the Lingam made out of sand by Sita in all honours and worship. Ramanathaswamy Temple, situated close to the sea on the eastern side of the Island, is known for its magnificent structure, long corridors and aesthetically carved pillars lining it. The corridor is the longest one in Asia at 197 m long on the East-West, 133 m in length on the South-North. The entrance of the temple adorned with a 38.4-m-high Gopuram (Tower). The temple was built by rulers from different dynasties from the 12th century onwards. The temple complex is constructed in an area of 264 m x 200 m. Swamy Vivekananda offered prayers at this temple in January 1897
The calm, shallow water of the sea, about 100 m away from the magnificent temple Gopuram, is held sacred. A dip in the Agnitheertham is supposed to remove the sins of the pilgrims. The other Theerthams (holy springs) in and around the temple are also important for pilgrims.
This hillock situated 3 km to the north of the temple is the highest point in the Island. There is a two-storied Mandapam, where Rama’s feet (Padam) are found as an imprint on a Chakra. Pilgrims throng in thousands to worship Gandhamathana Parvatham. Sukreevar Temple and Theertham are situated on the way to Gandhamathana Parvatham.
Jadayu, the king of birds, who fought in vain with Ravana to save Sita, is said to have fallen down here when his wings were severed. Sand dunes surround the temple and the pond. The water of the pond is as sweet as tender coconut water.
This is where Hanuman is said to have delivered the good news of Sita’s well-being to Lord Rama with an evidence of Choodamani (jewel) of Sita. It is situated 3 km from the temple.
Five-Faced Hanuman Temple: Situated 2 km away from the main temple, here Hanuman is dressed with Senthooram (vermillion). Idols of Rama, Sita and Hanuman brought from Dhanushkodi during the 1964 cyclone are kept here. Stone said to be used during Sethu Bandanam (building a bridge between India and Sri Lanka) is kept in this temple.
The southern most tip of the island is called Dhanushkodi. It was completely washed away by a cyclone in 1964. It can be reached by road from Rameswaram. Dhanushkodi has a fine beach, where sea surfing is possible. Remnants of the railway station, temple, church and other settlements stand as mute witnesses to the devastating cyclone.
The Sea World Aquarium is located opposite to Rameswaram Bus Stand.
Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere
The Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park has the core area of about 560 sq m from Rameswaram to Tutucorin lying within the Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve covering an area of 10,500 sq m on the south-east coast of India. It covers the coast of Rameswaram, Tutucorin, Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari. It is one of the world’s richest regions from marine biodiversity perspective and the first marine Biosphere Reserve in Southeast Asia. The Biosphere Reserve comprises 21 islands with estuaries, mudflats, beaches, forests of the near shore environment, including marine components like algal communities, sea grasses, coral reefs, salt marshes and mangroves.
- Mannan cotton spinning mills Ltd
- Pioneer Spinnings, National Textile Corporation
And many More Industries for more information see state wise list of Industries
Kurusadai Island (4 km from Mandapam):
This island lies off the land of Ramanathapuram in the Gulf of Mannar. It is a Marine Biosphere, a paradise for marine biologists and nature lovers. Marine wealth here attracts many a scholar and researcher to this Island. The Fisheries Department gives permission to visit this Island. Off Kurusadai Island one could see plenty of coral reef and dolphins and sea-cows (Dugong). It is an ecotourism centre.
Indra Gandhi Bridge:
The 2.2 km long road bridge connecting Rameswaram Island and the Mainland is the longest bridge in India, constructed over a bay. It is also called Pamban Bridge. Similarly the Railway bridge connecting the island is noted for its unique mechanical opening to allow ships to pass through.
This is a coastal village located 19 km away from Rameswaram. Prior to 1914 when train service commenced from Mandapam to Rameswaram, pilgrims sailed by boats to reach Rameswaram. One can take boats from here to Kurusadai Group of Islands.
An ancient town, now the head-quarters of the district, Ramanathapuram has a unique history of its own. It was from here that the Sethupathis (chieftains) ruled this territory. One of the Sethupathi rulers supported the visit of Swamy Vivekananda to the conference of World Religion at Chicago. Ramalinga Vilasam Palace with beautiful paintings and the tomb of Thayumanaswamigal are the places in Ramanathapuram worth visiting. A museum here is another attraction.
Upoor is located 85 km from Rameswaram. There is a Vinayagar Temple here and it is said that Sri Rama worshipped the Vinayagar here on his way to Sri Lanka
A coastal village 70 km away, also known as Navabashanam. The temple nearby is dedicated to Devi, who is said to have killed the demon Mahishasura at this spot. It is believed that Lord Rama worshipped Navagraha here. Pilgrims perform religious rites for their forefathers here.
The Vishnu temple situated here is a pilgrim centre where Hindus conduct their religious rites. It is about 75 km from Rameswaram.
There is an ancient Shiva Temple, where the presiding deity is carved in emerald. The temple is 592 ft east to west and 518 ft south to north. Saints Arunagirinathar and Manickavasagar visited this temple. The annual ‘Arudhra’ Darshan festival in December and Chitrai festival in June attract thousands of devotees.
Erwadi (79 km):
The tomb of Sultan Ibrahim Syed Aulia who came from Arabia via Kannur (Cannanore) is about 800 years old. During the Santhanakoodu Festival, celebrated in February-March, a large number of pilgrims throng here.
Kanchirankulam (80 km):
A Water Birds’ Sanctuary is located here. Season: November to February.
Archaeological Site Museum, Gandhi Gallery, Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute and Bio-Zoological Marine Exhibition, Mandapam
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