Valley of Flowers park going students can visit various hydro power projects situated at enroute, you can also have your industrial visit at Haridwar or Dehradun, Dehradun has Many institutions of national importance like the Forest Research Institute; Oil and Natural Gas Commission; Indain Military Academy; Indian Institute of Petroleum and Survey of India , Wild Life Institute etc. are located in Dehra Dun which makes it a place of national importance attracting tourists in large numbers. apart from dehradun we recommend haridwar for industrial visit for outstation students as The State Industrial Development Corporation of Uttarakhand (SIDCUL) has established a SEZ adjacent to Shivalik Nagar near Haridwar, this SEZ has numerous industries like Hindustan Lever, Dabur, Mahendra & Mahendra, Havells Hero MotoCorp Ltd, Minda Industries Ltd, Atul Auto Limited, Cavinkare Pvt. Ltd. Etc.
A paradise on earth and home to over 300 species of wild flowers, the Valley of Flowers offers a once-in-a-lifetime experience to naturalist and nature enthusiasts. The Valley of Flowers was introduced to the world by Frank S. Smythe, mountaineer, explorer, botanist, who camped here for several weeks in the monsoon of 1937 and did valuable exploratory work. He authored a book called The Valley of Flowers which unveiled the beauty and floral splendours of the valley and thus threw open the doors of this verdant jewel to nature-enthusiasts all over the world. In 1939, Miss Margarate Legge, a botanist deputed by the botanical gardens of Edinburgh arrived at the valley for further studies; she lies buried here.
Site to See
The Valley of Flowers National Park is the second core zone of the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve. The Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve is located in the northern part of western Himalayas and comprises parts of Chamoli district in Garhwal, Bageshwar and Pithoragarh districts of Kumaon in Uttarakhand. The vegetation of the reserve comprises of temperate, sub-alpine and alpine types. The temperate and sub-alpine zones are dominated by broad leaved deciduous forests, evergreen coniferous forests and also includes agriculture lands and settlements. There are 47 villages in the Biosphere Reserve. It is also home to a wide variety of mammals & birds.
The Valley of Flowers is nearly 5 km in length and 2 km in width. Its altitudinal range varies from 3200 to 6675 m. The park is surrounded by Gauri Parbat (6590 m) and Rataban (6126 m) in the east, Kuntkhal (4430 m) in the west, Saptsring (5030 m) in the south and Nilgiri Parvat (6479 m) in the north. River Pushpawati which has its source in the Tipra Glacier flows through this valley.
Legend associates this valley with Ramayana, with this being the area from where Hanumanji collected ‘Sanjeevani’ herb to revive Lakshman. Together the Valley of Flowers and Nanda Devi National Parks encompass a unique transition zone between the mountain ranges of the Zanskar and Great Himalaya, praised by mountaineers and botanists for over a century and in Hindu mythology for much longer. They were declared as World Heritage sites in 1988 by UNESCO.
Flowers of the Valley
Almost 300 species of wild flowers bloom here. Some of which are: Anemone, Geranium, Marsh Marigold, Primula, Potentilla, Geum, Lilium, Himalayan Blue Poppy, Aconitum, Delphinum, Morina, Ranunculus, Corydalis, Inula, Brahma Kamal, Campanula, Pedicularis, Trysimum, Impatiens, Bistorta, Ligularia, Anaphalis, Saxifrages, Lobelia, Thermophis, Trollius, Aquilogia, Codonopsis, Dactylorhiza, Rhododendrons, Cypripedium, Sibbaldia, Strawberry, Epilobium and numerous others. Most of the flowers have medicinal value.
The valley remains in bloom for three months while the floral composition keeps changing every few days. By September, the hue starts changing and the entire vegetation remains dormant for about five months when the valley is snow bound. Also found are Himalayan birds, an amazing variety of butterflies, tendula, musk deer, Himalayan bear, Himalayan mouse hare, blue sheep (bharal), snow leopard, etc. Since camping and overnight stay is not allowed in the Valley of Flowers, Ghangria is the base camp for the trek.
Dos & Don’ts
- The visiting team will have to hire guide/porter from the local villages which fall in the trek route. Hiring of guides or porters from outside will not be allowed.
- The garbage generated by the expedition shall be removed by them and they shall abide by the terms and conditions as stipulated by the Forest Department for this purpose.
- Carry a bag for collection of garbage and other litter. Pack out all non-biodegradable rubbish; burn papers carefully. Do not drop cigarette butts or candy wrappers.
- Ask before photographing people. Do not pay money for it.
- Use toilets wherever available. Where toilets are not available, use areas at least 20-30 m from streams and water sources. Dispose off washing and bathing water well away from streams, use biodegradable soaps.
- Wear good hiking shoes/boots as trails can be slippery and rocky. Do not go off the trail. This will lead to soil erosion. Follow only the approved routes.
- Use non-wood fuel for cooking, heating and lighting.
- Don’t destroy, trample, collect or remove any plant and animal specimen whether live or dead or any geological specimen.
- Don’t carry and introduce any alien seeds or propagation material of any plant species and don’t carry and introduce any exotic animals or pets.
- Don’t try to feed any wild animal.
- Don’t deface, put sign boards, write or paint on the tree trunks/rocks/trees or any infrastructure (camping huts, boundary walls and pillars).
- Don’t carry instruments, implements, tools, arms, firearms or chemicals harmful to wildlife and vegetation.
- Don’t camp or stay for the night inside the park.
- Don’t go for mountaineering, climbing, swimming or any type of adventure activity.
- Don’t shout, hoot, play audio tapes/radio inside the park.
|1. a. Entrance fee per head for first three days:||Rs. 50 /350|
|b. For additional each days:||Rs. 25/150|
|2. Camera Fee
a. Still camera (non-professional)
|b. Still camera (professional)||Rs. 100 /100|
|c. Movie/Video (non-professional)||Free|
|d. Movie/Video (professional)||Rs. 100/100|
|3. Filming Charges
a. Feature film per day
|b. Documentary film per day||Rs. 2500/5000|
|4. Security for above
a. Feature film per day
|b. Documentary film per day||Rs. 25000/50000|
- Chamoli Hydro power plant
- GMR Alaknanda Hydro Power Badrinath
And many More Industries for more information see state wise list of Industries
Ghangharia (5 km):
In the midst of a pine grove, Ghangharia serves as a base for visiting Hemkund Sahib and the Valley of Flowers. Accommodation: Tourist Rest House (GMVN).
Govind Ghat (15 km):
Govind Ghat is situated at the confluence of the rivers Alakananda and Bhyunder or Lakshman Ganga. It has an imposing Gurudwara which provides comfortable accommodation.
This high altitude lake (4,320 m) is about 2 km in circumference. Its clear, still waters reflect images of the Saptashringa peaks (5,500 m) which surround it.
Gurudwara Hemkund Sahib:
This sacred Sikh shrine is situated on the shores of the Hemkund Lake (4,320 m). It marks the place where Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th and the last Guru, unified with God after meditation. An outlet behind the Gurudwara is the source of the River Lakshman Ganga. A small temple nearby is dedicated to Lakshman.
Joshimath (38 km):
It is believed that Adi Shankaracharya performed penance here. After enlightenment, he established a religious centre (Math) here, which he called ‘Jyotirmath’. Joshimath has temples dedicated to Goddess Durga and Ugra Narasimha, the lion incarnation of Lord Vishnu.
Badrinath (42 km):
Badrinath is a holy temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu.
How would you like to travel?
Govindghat is connected with:
- Badrinath 42 km
- Chamoli 50 km
- Delhi 514 km
- Haridwar 305 km
- Joshimath 38 km
- Rishikesh 281 km
Route from Rishikesh:
- The valley is approachable from Govindghat. There are two ways to reach Govindghat.
- Rishikesh-Srinagar-Karnaprayag-Joshimath-Govindghat (approx. 270 km on Haridwar-Badrinath highway)
- Haldwani-Ranikhet-Karnaprayag-Joshimath-Govindghat (approx. 332 km). After crossing the Alaknanda River at Govindghat, an ascending bridle path along Bhyunder Ganga leads to Ghangaria which is 13 km away from Govindghat, from where the Valley is only 3 km.
|Trekking Route (from Rishikesh)||Altitude (in m)||Distance (in km)|
|Joshimath||1890||253 (by bus)|
|Govind Ghat||1829||22 (motorable)|
|a) Valley of Flowers||3352 to 3658||5 (trek)|
|b) Hemkund||4320||6.5 (trek)|
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