Periyar industrial visit will be very interesting, Periyar offers number of industrial attractions for the visiting students, the major industrial attractions are Rubber processing plants, Tea Factories, Hydro electric Projects, Spices and condiments processing plants, etc.
A rare example of human intervention having enhanced an ecosystem., the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary situated at Thekkady in the high ranges of the Western Ghats, spreads over an area of 777sq.km. It is situated in the Idukki (Thekkady) and Pathanamthitta districts of Kerala.
The Periyar Sanctuary has was declared a Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger in 1978. Mirror still lagoons, grassy plains and naked hills, make up the landscape of Periyar, providing the perfect foil to the wildlife found there elephants, Indian bison and the endangered lion-tailed macaque. The splendid artificial lake formed by the Mullaperiyar Dam across the Periyar adds to the charm of the park.
Sights to See
In Periyar Tiger Reserve there is a rich diversity of vertebrates. The diverse forest types, ‘vayals’, marshes, and a large aquatic habitat together support 62 species of mammals, 320 species of birds, 45 species of reptiles, 27 species of amphibians, and 38 species of fishes. The invertebrate fauna of Periyar is not well documented, though the predominant invertebrate orders are Protozoa, Annelida, Arthropoda and Mollusca. 160 butterfly species have been listed. The wildlife that can be seen in the sanctuary include the elephant, sambar, gaur, nilgiri tahr, Malabar giant squirrel, barking deer, porcupine, nilgiri langur, monitor lizard, flying lizard, flying frog, flying snake, king cobra, python, flying squirrel, striped necked mongoose, nilgiri marten, fruit bats, birds such as darter, flycatchers, grey hornbill etc.
Five ethnically different tribal communities once lived within and outside the park. Mannan, Paliya, Urali, Mala-araya and Malampandaram are the predominant tribal groups and almost all of them are settled on the outskirts of the reserve, engaged in agriculture. Malampandaram, is a small nomadic community living off nature, collecting berries and tubers and occasionally fishing deep inside the forests of the tiger reserve. A tribal heritage museum built inside the Mannan settlement featuring various types of artifacts related to their ancient agricultural practices, marriage ceremonies, cultural events, dress code, rituals and death ceremonies is the hub of this ecotourism programme. Display of fishing gear, hunting weaponry, indigenous medicine and vessels, cereals, medicinal herbs, bamboo furnitures, etc. are other attractions providing a peep into their original culture.
It is an important spice trading centre and handles a major share of the trade in pepper and cardamom. One can attend auctions with prior permission. Kerala Cardamom Processing Marketing Centre, the main cardamom auction centre in Kumily, holds its weekly auction on Wednesdays & Sundays. At MAS Enterprises, Vandanmedu, it is held on Fridays. Besides being an auction centre, many wholesale and retail shops function here.
Chellarkovil (18 km):
This sleepy little village with its breathtaking view of the plains & cascading waterfalls is a feast for the eyes. The village slopes down to the famous coconut groves of Cumbum in neighbouring Tamilnadu.
Mangaladevi Temple (15 km):
The ancient temple is hidden in the dense woods at the top of a peak 1337 m above sea level. Visitors are allowed only on the Chitra Pournami festival day. Permission to visit the area can be obtained from the Wildlife Warden, Thekkady.
Vandiperiyar (18 Km):
The river Periyar flowing through the centre of this town nourishes its vast tea, coffee and pepper plantations. A major trade centre, Vandiperiyar is also home to a number of tea factories. The Govt Agriculture Farm & Flower Garden have a delightful array of rose plants, orchids & anthuria.
- Crumb rubber factory
- Tata Tea Factory
And many More Industries for more information see state wise list of Industries
Peerumedu (40 Km.):
At an altitude of 914 mts., is a small hill station on the way to Thekkady. The place is full of rubber, coffee, pepper and cardamom Plantations.
Pullumedu (43 Km):
The winding journey to this hill town, along the Periyar River, offers a stunning view of the rolling hills draped in lush greenery. The famous Sri Ayyappa temple at Sabarimala is visible from here. It is part of the restricted forest zone and special permission has to be obtained from the Wildlife Preservation Officer, Thekkady or the Range Officer, Vallakkadavu. Tel: 252515.
Vandanmedu (25 Km.):
Situated at a height of 4000 ft., it is the largest producer of cardamom in the country and has several tea and spice plantations as well. It is the one of the world’s largest auction centres for cardamom.
The famous forest shrine is situated within the limits of Periyar Tiger Reserve. The temple dedicated to Lord Ayyappa is accessible only by foot. It attracts a large number of pilgrims every year during Mandala Pooja (November/December) and for Makara Vilaku (January). The temple is opened for darshan for 41 days during Nov.& Dec.
Kurisumala ( 60 Km):
It can be reached through two routes. Both converge at Kollampattada, where you get a magnificent view of the surrounding hills, Periyar lake, Kumily town, portions of Tamilnadu etc. Every year on Good Friday, pilgrims climb up this mountain. One can trek up or take a short jeep drive,
Vagamon (70 Km):
Grass covered hills & the cool mountain air make it a perfect holiday retreat. A curious blend of religious mysticism & European legacies, this hillside village is a haven of tranquility. The dairy farm managed by the Kurisumala monks is worth a visit.
Idukki (85 Km):
The district of Idukki is one of the most nature rich areas of Kerala. High ranges and valleys are girded by 3 main rivers, Periyar, Thalayar & Thodupuzhayar & their tributaries. River Pamba also has its origin here. Idukki offers diverse attractions like wildlife, hill stations etc. It has a large population of tribals like Muthuvan, Malayarayan, Mannan, Paliyan, Urali etc.
How would you like to travel?
- 140 km from Madurai
- 190 km from Kochi
- 164 from Alleppey
- 160 km from Kodaikanal
- 220 km from Kollam
- 114 km from Kottayam
- 272 km from Thiruvananthapuram
- 113 km from Munnar
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