Meghalaya is having a rich base of minerals like coal, limestone, silimanite and granite, two large cement manufacturing plants with production capacity more than 900 MTD have come up in Jantia Hills district and several more are in pipeline to utilise the rich deposit of very high quality limestone available in this district. The major industries in Meghalaya includes Mawlah Cherra Cement Factory, Cherrapunji, Jaintia Cements Pvt. Ltd., Jaintia Hills District, Meghalaya Calcinates & Chemicals, Lumshnong, Jaintia Hills District, Cosmicraft, Byrnihat, Ri Bhoi, Meghalaya Watches Pvt. Ltd., Shillong, East Khasi Hills District, R.K.B. Industries, Industrial Estate, Shillong, East Khasi Hills District, Meghalaya Roller Flour Mills, Shillong, East Khasi Hills District etc.
Meghalaya is bounded on the north and east by the state of Assam and on the south and west by Bangladesh. The word “Meghalaya” literally means the Abode of Clouds in Sanskrit. The state is inhabited by three ethnic communities — the Khasis, the Jaintias and the Garos – each of which follows its own cultural traditions and customs. The common trait binding all three communities is its matrilineal system in which the family linage is taken from the mother’s side. The people of Meghalaya are known to be hospitable, cheerful and friendly. The state’s area is divided in Khasi hills, Jaintia hills and Garo hills. The forests of Meghalaya are notable for their biodiversity of flora and fauna.
Sights to See
The capital of Meghalaya is located in the Khasi hills at an altitude of 1496 m above sea level. This city has been the seat of government since the consolidation of the British administration in this part of India more than a century ago.The city has a charm all its own with natural scenic beauty enhanced by waterfalls, brooks, pine grooves and gardens. The place, the people, the flora and fauna and the climate all combine to make Shillong an ideal resort throughout the year. Shillong is also the headquarters of the North Eastern Council (NEC), the Eastern Air Command the Assam Regimental Centre, the North Eastern Hill University (NEHU), Martin Luther Christian University (MLCU). A bench of the Guwahati High Court also functions from Shillong. The North East Telecom Circle-I has its headquarters at Shillong. Shillong is also the Regional Head Quarters of Power Grid for North Eastern Region. NEIGRIHMS, the first and the only Postgraduate Medical Institute in the North Eastern Region and third in the country has been established in Shillong. Shillong also boasts of having the first Indian Institute of Management (RGIIM), in the North Eastern Region and the 7th in the country. The 12th National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) has also been setup in Shillong.
Don Bosco Centre for Indigenous Cultureshouses a world class seven storied museum showcasing the rich cultural heritage of north eastern states of India. The skywalk provides the visitors 360 degree view of the city.
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- R.K.B. Industries
- Jaintia Cements Pvt. Ltd
- Meghalaya Watches Pvt. Ltd
- Meghalaya Roller Flour Mills
- Mawlah Cherra Cement Factory
Mawjymbuin (Mawjynram cave) one can see water dripping from a breast-shaped stone hanging from the ceiling and falling down a stone resembling the shivalinga.
Ranikor lies to the south ofMawsynram(56 km from Shillong),a fishing spots where huge golden mahaseers, the pride of the anglers, are available. The dark blue deep water of Jadukata offers ample scope for water sports.
Mawlynnong Village, the picturesque village located a distance of 90 km from Shillong has earned its reputation as one of the cleanest village in India. The main occupation of the villagers is agriculture and about 82 families living in the Mawlynnong village are responsible in keeping the village surrounding clean.
Thadlaskein Lake traditionally believed to have been made by the army of U SajarNangli by digging their bows and scooping out the mud.
Nartiang is known for its summer palace of the Jaintia King, the palace is located on a hillock approximately 2 km from Nartiang market. Adjacent to the ruins of the Summer Palace of the Jaintia King in front of the arched gateway of red bricks stands
the Durga Temple,which is believed to have been constructed by the King on his conversion to Hinduism. The biggest collection of megalithic stones in single area is found here in Nartiang. Within this collection of stones the tallest one was erected by one of the lieutenant to commemorate the glorious victory of the Jaintia King.
Monumant of Kiang Nongbah and SyntuKsiar meaning golden flower.
Umlawan Cave, located near Lumshnong village and at a distance of 60 km from Jowai, is been confirmed recently that it is the longest and deepest cave in the sub-continent of the caves explored so far. The Umlawan cave is connected with Kot-Sati and Umsar Caves and forms a length of 21 km and 100 m in depth. Jarain PitcherPlantLake, KrangSuri Falls, TyrshiFalls, IalongPark and Iooksi (Kupli) Park are other attractions of these area.
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