Kushinagar Going students can have their industrial visit in Gorakhpur, the main industrial setups in and around Gorakhpur includes The Fertilizer Corporation of India, Ltd, Saraya industries ltd, Mahabir jute mills ltd, Gallantt Ispat Limited etc
53 Km from Gorakhpur, Kushinagar, one of the principal centers of the Buddhist pilgrimage, is the place where Lord Buddha left his corporeal self and attained Maharparinivana.
Kushinagar was previously known as Kushinagar, which was the capital of Malla dynasty. It was one of the famous sixteen Mahajanpadas of ancient India. The Chinese travelers Fa Hien and Hieun Tsang have also mentioned Kushinagar in their travelogues.
The credit for bringing this ancient site to light goes to General A. Cunningham and A.C.L. Carlleyle who, after excavating the site in 1861, established its antiquity for the first time. Later, between 1904 and 1912, several excavations conducted by the Archaeological Survey of India at Kushinagar confirmed its identity.
The monuments of Kushinagar are clustered in three distinct groups comprising the main site at the Nirvana Temple, the central Stupa and surrounding monasteries, the Mathakuar Kot to the south-west and the Ramabhar Stupa, a kilometer to the east.
Sights to See
This huge brickwork stupa, exposed by Carlyl in 1876, stands at a height of 2.74 miters. A copper vessel was unearthed at this site. It bore an inscription in ancient Brahmi, which stated that Lord Buddha’s remains had been deposited here.
This houses a 6.10 meter long statue of the reclining Buddha. The image was unearthed during the excavations of 1876. Carved from Chunar sandstone, the statue represents the dying Buddha reclining on his right side. An inscription below dates the statue to the fifth century.
This shrine is about 400 yards from the Nirvana Stupa. A stone image of Lord Buddha in the ‘Bhumi Sparsha Mudra’ (earth touching posture) under the ‘Bodhi tree’ was excavated here. The inscription at the base of the statue dates it to 10th-11th century. Adjacent to this shrine, ruins of a monastery have also been discovered.
About 1.5 km away from Mahaparinirvana Temple, this large Stupa rises to a height of 15 meters. It marks the site where the Lord Buddha was cremated. In ancient Buddhist texts, this Stupa has been referred to as ‘Mukut-Bandhan Chaitya’.
A beautiful Ashta Dhatu (eight metals) statue of Lord Buddha which was brought from Japan can be seen here.
The Buddha Museum contains finds from the site excavations at Kushinagar. Open: 10:00 am. To 5.00 pm. weekly off: Monday. Other places of interest include Indo-Japanese-Sri Lankan Temples, Burmese Temple, Birla Hindu Buddha Temple, Krean Temple, Shiva Temple, Ram-Janki Temple and Meditation Park.
- Gallantt Ispat Limited
- The Fertilizer Corporation of India
And many More Industries for more information see state wise list of Industries
Turkpatti (17 Km)
East of Kushinagar, at Turkpatti, two statues of Sun God dating to 4th & 8th centuries were recovered along with a Sun Temple.
It is said that while coming to Kushinagar from Vaishali, Lord Buddha had stopped here. According to the Jain texts, this is the place where Lord Mahavira attained salvation. A big festival is held here on the day following Deepawali.
Gorakhpur (51 km)
At Gorakhpur is the Govt. Museum, which has an excellent collection of Thanka paintings and relics of Lord Buddha. Gorakhnath Temple is one of the most prominent and magnificant temples of this area. A month-long “makar Sankrant Mela” is orgnanised here every year from the 14th of January. Geeta Press, the famous publisher of religious books, is located here. Lord Vishnu Temple, Kusumi Vinod Van, Geeta Vatika, Ram Garh Tal are some of the other attractions.
How would you like to travel?
- 53 km from Gorakhpur
- 170 km from Lumbini (Nepal)
- 157 km from Kapilastu
- 253 km from Sravasti
- 274 km from Sarnath
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