The Industries in Amritsar are mostly engaged in the production of various goods namely panel pins, paper-cutting, engineering goods, textile machinery, wood and machine screws, printing and machinery, electric fans, chemicals and the textiles including woollen, silken, cotton, etc. Throughout India, Amritsar holds a place of prominence in the production of woollen fabrics, like worsted, tweeds, blankets, shawls, etc. the district holds a prominent place in the country. The Composite Milk Plant at Verka is the second biggest project of its type in the country
Amritsar, literally a Pool of Nectar, derives its name from Amrit Sarovar, the holy tank that surrounds the splendid Golden Temple. Guru Ramdas, the fourth Guru of the Sikh faith, founded Amritsar in 1579. He constructed a pool on land gifted by the Mughal Emperor Akbar and called it Amritsar.
Home to the world famous Golden Temple, the 400-year-old city of Amritsar is the most important seat of Sikh history and culture.
One of the most poignant memorials of free India — Jallianwala Bagh – is also located in the city. Amritsar district was once a part of the vast area covered by the Indus valley Civilisation during the early period of history.
Sights to See
Also known as Harmandir or Darbar Sahib, the temple is a white and gold majestic building, the foundation of which was laid by the Muslim saint, Mian Mir, an admirer and friend of Guru Arjun. The Mandir is built on a 67-ft square of marble and is a two storied structure. The top structure of the temple is covered with pure gold leaf, hence, the popular name, Golden Temple. Inside the temple lies the holy book of the Sikhs – the Granth Sahib.
Adjacent to the Golden Temple, Akal Takht, the supreme seat of Sikh religious authority was established by the sixth Sikh guru, Guru Hargobind (1606-1645). The Akal Takht also houses the ancient weapons used by the Sikh warriors.
Baba Atal Rai Tower
This octagonal, nine-storeyed tower located south of the Golden temple, represents the nine years of life of Atal Rai, son of the sixth Guru Hargobindji. The inner walls are decorated with frescoes on the life of Guru Nanak. The Adi Granth is enshrined within.
Among the most poignant memorials of free India is Amritsar’s Jallianwala Bagh. On April 13, 1919, British General O’Dyer opened fire on a group of people attending a peaceful freedom movement meeting being held here, which took the lives of about 2,000 innocent men, women and children.
Outside the old walled city are the Rambagh Gardens, which surround Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s summer palace, now a museum. On display are weapons dating back to Mughal times, portraits of ruling houses of Punjab and a replica of the diamond Kohinoor.
How would you like to travel?
- Agra 643 km
- Chandigarh 235 km
- Delhi 435 km
- Ferozpur 160 km
- Jalandhar 80 km
- Jammu 219 km
- Kolkata 1850 km
- Kullu 389 km
- Ludhiana 137 km
- Pathankot 111 km
- Srinagar 515 km
- Wagah Border 29 km
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- Amritsar Industries
- Khasa Distillery Co.
And many More Industries for more information see state wise list of Industries
Serai Amanat Khan: It is situated in a small village south west of Amritsar. The Serai has a beautiful gate constructed in Mughal style of architecture. The tomb of Amanat Khan is surrounded by four minarets. The mosque near the tomb is decorated with Persian verses.
Ram Tirath (10 km): Legendary birthplace of Lav and Kush and the spot where the sage Valmiki’s ashram stood. The town has an ancient tank and many temples. The Bedis of Punjab (Guru Nanak Dev, the founder Prophet of Sikhism was a Bedi) trace their descent from Kush and Sodhis (the 10th Prophet of Sikhism, Guru Gibind Singh was a Sodhi) from Luv. A four day fair, held since times immemorial, is celebrated here starting on the full moon night in November.
Tran Taran (22 km): The Gurudwara of Taran Taran was built in 1768 in memory of Guru Ram Das. Taran Taran is a name which means the temple whence people swim across the sea of ignorance to save many a drowning soul. The waters of the tank are said to have medicinal properties.
Wagha (28 km): Wagah, an army outpost on the Indo-Pakistan border – between Amritsar and Lahore — is an elaborate complex of buildings, roads and barriers on both sides. The daily highlight is the evening “Beating the Retreat” ceremony. Soldiers from both countries march in perfect drill, going through the steps of bringing down their respective national flags. As the sun goes down, nationalistic fervour rises and lights are switched on marking the end of the day amidst thunderous applause. It is also the last Indian outpost on the Indo-Pak border.
Gobindwal Sahib (30 km): This served as the headquarters of the third guru, Guru Amar Dasa, a great social reformer. Close by in Khadur Sahib, the samadhi of Angad Devji, the 2nd Sikh Guru, is located.