A city of many dimensions is what befits a description of Allahabad. In addition to being a major pilgrimage centre, the city has played an important part in the formation of modern India. Hindu mythology states that Lord Brahma, the creator god, chose a land for ‘Prakrishta Yajna’. This land, at the confluence of three holy rivers – Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati, blessed by gods, came to be known as ‘Prayag’ or ‘Allahabad’.
Foreseeing the sanctity of the place, Lord Brahma also called it as ‘Tirth Raj’ or ‘King of all pilgrimage centers’.’ The Scriptures – Vedas and the great epics – Ramayana and Mahabharata, refer to this place as Prayag.
Centuries followed. Allahabad became the headquarters of North Western Provinces, after being shifted from Agra. Well preserved relics of the British impact include the Muir College and the All Saints Cathedral.
Many important events in India’s struggle for freedom, took place here – the emergence of the first Indian National Congress in 1885, the beginning of Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violence movement in 1920.
Sights to See
Around 7 km from Civil Lines, overlooked by the eastern ramparts of the fort, wide flood plains and muddy banks protrude towards the sacred Sangam (meet). At the point at which the brown Ganges meets the Greenish Yamuna, pandas (priests) perch on small platforms to perform puja (pray) and assist the devout in their ritual ablutions in the shallow waters. Beaches and ghats (bank of river) are littered with the shorn hair of pilgrims who come to offer pind for their deceased parents.
Hindus traditionally regard river confluences as auspicious places, more so the Sangam at Allahabad, where the Yamuna and the Ganges meet the River of Enlightenment, the mythical Saraswati (goddess of knowledge, music, arts and science). According to legend, / Vishnu was carrying a Kumbh (pot) of Amrita (nectar), when a scuffle broke out between the gods, and four drops were spilled. They fell to earth at the four Tirthas of Prayag, Haridwar, Nasik and Ujjain (Tirtha means “ford of a river”) a place where the devout can cross from this finite world into divine celestial realms.
The massive fort built by Emperor Akbar in 1583 A.D., the fort stands on the bank of the Yamuna near the confluence site. In its prime, the fort was unrivalled for its design, construction and craftsmanship. This huge, majestic fort has three magnificent galleries flanked by high towers. At present, the fort is used by Indian Army and only a limited area is open to visitors. The magnificent outer wall is intact and rises above the water’ edge. Visitors are allowed to see the Ashokan Pillar and Saraswati Kup, a well, said to be the source of the Saraswati River and Jodhabai Palace. The Patalpuri temple is also here. So is the much revered Akshaya Vat or immortal Banyan tree.
Within this underground temple, inside the fort, lies the Akshaya Vat – or the immortal tree. Believed to have been visited by Lord Rama, the temple was also seen by the famous Chinese traveler and writer Hiuen Tsang during his visit to this place.
This gigantic Ashoka pillar, of polished sandstone stands 10.6 meters high, dating back to 232 B.C. The pillar has several edicts and a Persian inscription of Emperor Jahangir scripted on it, commemorating his accession to the throne.
The immortal tree within the Patalpuri temple, has found mention in the description of several ancient scriptures, writers and historians. The tree stands in a deep niche above an underground shaft, which is said to lead to Triveni. Visitors need permission to visit the Fort, Patalpuri Temple, Ashoka Pillar and AkshayaVat from Commandant, Ordinance Depot, Fort, Allahabad. Phone: 2504735-36, Extn. 213.
Near the Sangam, this temple is unique in North India, for its supine image of Hanumana. Here the big idol of Lord Hanumana is seen in a reclining posture. When the Ganga gets to spate, this temple gets submerged.
Shankar Viman Mandapam
130 feet high with four floors, it has the idols of Kumaril Bhatt, Jagatguru Shankaracharya, Kamakshi Devi (with 51 Shaktipeethas around), Yogsahastra Sahastrayoga Linga (with 108 Shivas around).
The old Anand Bhawan, which in the year 1930 was donated to the Nation by Moti Lal Nehru, to be used as the headquarters of the Congress Committee. Moti Lal Nehru renamed it as Swaraj Bhawan. Late Prime Minister of India, Mrs. Indira Gandhi was born here.
Facility of light & sound show from 11:00 am to 5:30 pm is available at Rs.5.00 per head.
Visiting hours: 09:30 am to 05:30 pm. closed on Mondays. Ticket: Rs.2.00 Ph: 2467674
Anand Bhawan, the erstwhile ancestral home of the Nehru family. Today it has been turned into a fine museum. Here, many momentous decisions, events, related to the freedom struggle took place. The main building houses a museum which displays the memorabilia of the Nehru family.
Visiting hours: 09:30 am to 05:00 pm. Ticket: Rs.2.00. Closed on Mondays and Government holidays. Phone: 2467071, 2467096.
For a celestial trip of the scientific kind, visit the Planetarium. Its worth every moment.
Visiting hours: 11:00 am to 04:00 pm. Ticket: Rs. 20.00 closed on Mondays and 4th Thursday of the month. Phone: (0532)2467093.
Sai Dham Mandir
(Dramand Road, A.G. Office)
This new Temple of Shirdi Sai Baba is situated at Dramnd Road near A.G. Office. A large number of tourists come on Thursday to visit.
- Diesel Locomotive Works
- Areva t&d
- Bharat Pumps & Compressors
And many more in near by areas
For more details see the state wise industrial List
One of the most famous universities of India, it has a sprawling campus, graced by fine buildings in Victorian and Islamic architectural styles.
The museum has a good collection of sculpture, especially of the Gupta era.Ph:2407409, 2408690
Designed by William Emerson, this is an excellent mix of Gothic and Indian architectural elements. Commenced in 1874 and opened in 1886, it has an arcade quadrangle which is dominated by a 200 feet minaret tower in cream colored sandstone from Mirzapur with marble and mosaic floors. The domes of the Indo-Saracenic structure are clad in Multan glazed tiles.
Adjacent to the museum, this splendid park was once known as Company Bagh. It has some fine colonial buildings, including the public library. G.N. Jha research institute and the status od chandra Shekhar Azad. Dictated to great martyr chandra shekhar Azad who laid down his life fighting British force here.
All Saints Cathedral (Patthar Girjaghar)
This magnificent cathedral, designed by Sir William Emerson in 1870 and consecrated in 1887, is the finest of Anglican Cathedal in Asia is faced in White Stone with red stone dressing. No one visiting the cathedral can fail to be impressed by the beauty of the marble altar with intricate inlay and mosaic work.
A large garden in which tombs of Khusro, son of emperor Jahagir and Shah Begam are located.
Standing at Chandra Shekhar Azad Park (Alfred Park) the memorial has a lofty tower and arcaded cloister. In 1879, the library was shifted to the present premises at Chandra Shekhar Azad Park (Alfred Park) It has about 75,000 books, besides a treasure trove of manuscripts and journals.
Situated near the Thornhill and Myne Memorial, this large hall has a 180 feet high tower . The interior of this memorial hall was ornamented with designs by Professor Gamble of the South Kensington Museum, London. Completed in 1879 this hall was meant for public meetings, balls and receptions in commemoration of the assassinated Viceroy.
People looking for mental peace and spiritual healing visit this place. Jhusi is known for many Ashrams and Temples. This place is approachable by Taxis, Buses, Boats, etc.
Shringverpur is famous kingdom of Nishadraj (King of Boatmen). Excavations have revealed a temple of Shringi Rishi. On the banks of Ganga there’s a platform `Ramchaura’ – said to be the place where Lord Rama stayed overnight while going to the forest and his feet were washed by Nishadraj, before steering Rama across the Ganga in his Boat.
Bhita is an archaeological site 20 km from Allahabad, with remains dating back to 300 B.C.
Tons River Aqueduct (43km)
A popular picnic spot.
It is a place traditionally associated with the Mahabharata; the city was also once a great Buddhist centre. Lord Buddha is believed to have visited Kaushambi twice to deliver discourses. The ruins of an ancient fort bear witness to the antiquity of the place. There are also remains of an monastery.
Upardaha Lake (44km)
One of the protected lakes in Uttar Pradesh
On the banks of Ganga, this provincial capital of the Mughals has many ruins.Sheetla Mata Mandir and Kaleshwar Mahadevji temple are famous temples of Kara.
How would you like to travel?
Allahabad is served by the Allahabad Airport (Bamrauli Air Force Base) (IXD) and is linked to Delhi by Air India Regional. Other larger airports in the vicinity are at Varanasi (Varanasi International Airport, 142 km (88 mi)) and Lucknow (Amausi International Airport 200 km (120 mi))
Allahabad is well connected by trains with all major cities, viz. Kolkata, Delhi, Jaipur, Lucknow and Mumbai.
Allahabad, on National Highways 2, 27 and 24 B, is connected to all parts of the country by good roads.
- 433 km from Agra
- 1207 km from Ahmedabad
- 167 km from Ayodhya
- 680 km from Bhopal
- 799 km from Calcutta
- 1790 km from Chennai
- 125 km from Chitrakoot
- 673 km from Jaipur
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