Agra is home to the world-famous Taj Mahal. Agra's history predates the Taj Mahal, yet it is mentioned in the Mahabharata's epic Mahabharata as Agrabana are Paradise. Ptolemy, the famed geographer of the second century A.D., labelled it Agra on his world map. According to mythology, the modern city was founded by Raja Badal Singh (about 1475 A.D.), whose fort, Badalgarh, stood on or near the current site. However, the Persian poet Salman, who lived in the 12th century A.D., describes a fierce assault on the fortress of Agra, which was then held by one King Jaipal, by Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni. Call us for Agra Industrial visit
Mughals were the ones who finally provided Agra with the finest monuments that architects could create: The Taj Mahal of Shah Jhan, Akbar's Agra Fort, Itmad-Ud-Daulah, and neighbouring Sikandra are just a handful of the countless monuments that dot the city, each bearing silent witness to the city's majesty through the decades. Write to us for Agra Industrial visit
Despite the fact that Agra was an ancient city dating back to the period of the Mahabharata (see above), Sultan Sikandar Lodi, the Muslim monarch of the Delhi Sultanate, built the city in 1504. Sultan Ibrahim Lodi, the Sultan's son, inherited the city after his father died. He controlled his Sultanate from Agra until 1526, when he was defeated in the First Battle of Panipat by Mughal Badshah (emperor) Babar. Call us for Agra Industrial visit
The Mughals ushered in the city's golden age. Under the Badshahs (emperors) Akbar, Jahangir, and Shah Jahan, it was known as Akbarabad and remained the capital of the Mughal Empire. It is the name of one of Akbar's original twelve subahs (imperial top-level provinces), which border the subahs of (Old) Delhi, Awadh (Oudh), Allahabad, Malwa, and Ajmer. In the year 1649, Shah Jahan relocated his capital to Shahjahanabd.
Because Akbarabad was one of the most significant cities in India during the Mughals' reign, it saw a lot of construction. On the banks of the Yamuna River, Babar, the founder of the Mughal dynasty, put out the first traditional Persian garden. The Aram Bagh, or Garden of Relaxation, is the name of the garden. His grandson Akbar the Great built the Great Red Fort's tall ramparts, as well as establishing Agra as a centre for learning, arts, trade, and religion. Fatehpur Sikri, a new city on the outskirts of Akbarabad, was also established by Akbar. This city was carved out of stone in the shape of a Mughal military garrison. Call us for Agra Industrial visit
Akbar’s son Jahangir was a horticulturist who built various gardens inside the Red Fort or Lal Qil'a. The Taj Mahal was given to Akbarabad by Shah Jahan, who was known for his profound interest in building. The tomb was erected in 1653 in loving memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. During Shah Jahan's rule, the capital was moved to Delhi, but his son Aurangzeb usurped his father and imprisoned him in the Fort of Akbarabad. During Aurangzeb's reign, Akbarabad was the capital of India until 1653, when he moved it to Aurangabad in the Deccan. Call us for Agra Industrial visit
After the Mughal Empire fell apart, the city was influenced by the Marathas and given the name Agra before falling into the hands of the British Raj in 1803. Write to us for Agra Industrial visit
When the British founded the Presidency of Agra in 1835, the city became the centre of government, and just two years later, it was the site of the Agra famine of 1837–38. During the 1857 Indian insurrection, news of the rebellion reached Agra on May 11th, and on May 30th, two companies of native soldiers, the 44th and 67th regiments, rebelled and marched to Delhi. Call us for Agra Industrial visit
The following morning, native Indian troops at Agra were compelled to disarm, and on June 15, Gwalior (south of Agra) revolted. The British were forced to retreat into the fort on July 3rd. A tiny British army at Sucheta was defeated and forced to flee two days later, prompting a mob to sack the city. However, the rebels advanced on Delhi, allowing the British to re-establish order by July 8. In September, the British captured Delhi, and the following month, rebels from Delhi and Central India marched on Agra, but were repelled. Following this, British control of the city was re-established until India's independence in 1947. Write to us for Agra Industrial visit
How to Reach Agra
There is no shortage of communication and transportation in the home of one of the world's seven wonders. The city is situated in the heart of India, close to the country's capital, New Delhi, which is around 240 kilometres distant. Agra does, however, ring the tourist cities. The distance by road between Jaipur and Agra is around 230 kilometres, while the distance between Gwalior and Agra is 120 kilometres. Cities like Mathura and Brindavan are also encircled by Agra. The distance between Mathura and Agra is roughly 60 kilometres, while the distance between Brindavan and Agra is approximately 80 kilometres.
By road, Agra is around 330 kilometres from Uttar Pradesh's capital, Lucknow, and 280 kilometres from Kanpur. The distance between Khajuraho and Agra is approximately 450 kilometres, and the distance between Jhansi and Agra is approximately 225 kilometres. As a result, the road network to Agra is well-developed, connecting all of North India's major towns and other tourist spots.
The Kheria airport in Agra also serves as a military base. Regular flights from Delhi , Lucknow, Bangalore is available . The flying time between Delhi and Agra is less than an hour. Agra city is 13 kilometres from Kheria airport. To get to the city, take a cab from the airport, which should take about 10-15 minutes depending on traffic.
Buses run frequently between Agra and places such as Delhi, Jaipur, Gwalior, Lucknow, and Kanpur. Buses run between these cities on a daily basis. Idgah Bus Stand (located in the heart of the city and 8 kilometres from the Taj Mahal) and ISBT (placed on the outskirts of the city) are Agra's two major interstate bus terminals, which is 12 km from Tajmahal.
Agra is well connected to most cities in India, as it is located on the Delhi-Mumbai and Delhi-Chennai routes. Agra is accessible by train from towns including as Delhi, Jaipur, Gwalior, and Jhansi. Agra is also well connected to cities around India, including Kolkata, Mumbai, and Chennai. Agra has five railway stations: Agra Cantt (the main station), Agra Fort, Raja ki Mandi, Agra City, and Idgah Railway Station. The Taj Mahal and Agra Fort are both within walking distance of the Agra Cantt train station, and can be reached by pre-paid cab, auto rickshaw, or even cycle rickshaw.